Having come across the country celebrating its 50th year of independence in 1997, it pinched my mind as to why we should term it country's 50th year of independence, when we have been an independent nation for lacs of years or according to Swami Dayanand crores of years. Ever since 'Vedic era' we have been independent except for the small period of British rule during which we were ruled by the English as a colony under U.K. or a few years, when after Mohammed Ghori had conquered and left Qutab-ud-din Aibak as his lieutenant. Just after about a decade, Qutab-ud-din had declared himself a Sovereign King of India and the subsequent Kings of Slave Dynasty and further Muslim rulers had almost Indianised themselves. Similarly, if we take the annexation of Delhi (the seat of Indian Mughal Empire) by British in around 1810, we can say we were a colony for about 137 years upto 1947, when British left India. So except for a few years under Mohammed Ghori and 137 years under British, we have been a sovereign country as all other Muslim rulers had Indianised themselves and had ruled India as sovereign kings. It is, therefore, farce to say that India has been independent for only 50 years and thus annuling the entire existence of an Independent India for lacs of years.
Existence of India starts from the Vedic era or the start of mankind in the universe as vedas are considered to be in existence ever since the start of mankind, lacs of years back. The vedas, however, had not been brought into black and white as such was the belief to pass on the vedas by the guru to the pupil by heart only and for so many years, it had passed on
like that. All brahmins remembered the vedas by heart and had been teaching the relevant Dharma to the people of other varnas as per their requirement i.e. the Kshatriya Dharma to a kshatriya and Vaish Dharma to a vaish. All rulers had been ruling as per vedic dharma as propounded by the Rajgurus. Manu had divided the mankind into four varnas viz. Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaish and Shudra on functional basis with a view to see that all people lived peacefully in the kingdom doing their own job as per their respective Dharma.
As implied by the word 'varana', it was chosen by each person as per his volition and his capability and not by birth. After preliminary education, a person could continue further studies if he wanted to become a brahmin; could learn the tactics of warfare, if he wanted to become an kshatriya; or learn about the canons of trade, industry, agriculture, if he wanted to become a vaish and if one was not able to accommodate himself in any of the above three varnas, he became a shudra. Now since everyone opted the varna of his choice, he had no grudge on belonging to the particular varna and discharged his duties as per Dharma pertaining to his varna. The person was, as such, recognised as per his vocation. This is amply proved by ‘Manas’-
In Sita’s svayamber and so in all functions, people were made to sit as per their position and not as per their respective varnas. Similarly in Bhagwat too people were recognised by their capability. It is only later on that this Vedic concept of varna was forgiven and strict caste system as per birth came into vogue, which resulted in the killing of our culture and dharma so much so that in case of any foreign invasion, it was for the kshatriyas only to defend and all other people remained aloof. In this way three fourth of the people were out from defending the country and the result was that Ghazni could wade through the entire country and looted it without any contest by anyone with a small force at his command and subsequently Ghori also came and conquered the country and then Muslim rulers could rule the country without any opposition from crores of people inspite of the tyranny let loose by them on Hindus. So there was no unity of purpose but adherence to strict casteism and tolerating what the kings commanded. After all the Muslims were initially in thousands only and they could be overpowered easily if the masses were united for the purpose of putting out the foreign rulers. It is at this time that Indians had lost the love for independence and their own rule although in strict sense of independence for the country, even the Muslim rulers were sovereign Indian Kings.
Now we have to see how we have been ruled in Vedic Era and by the rulers of foreign advent, who had Indianised themselves and ruled for the well-being of the inhabitants of this country i.e. the rule as ‘Bhartiyata’ and subsequently as we were ruled by British as a colony without Indianising themselves and thinking always for the well-being of United Kingdom and not of India as such. For this purpose we shall have to go through the past of the Bharat as per vedic, pauranic tenets and times, how it was always an Independent country, finding out what independence means as per vedas and then go on analysing the periods of various rulers. This would give a proper insight of the history of Independent India, which is lacs of years old if not crores of years old and treat India as an independent country for this much time except for about 140 years of British rule and not reckon the independence after the departure of British, which is only fifty years old, marring our entire independent period of thousands and lacs of years.
In this book I have tried to dig out how independence was understood and exercised in vedic era and post vedic era. Whenever we have performed as per vedic dharma, we progressed and whenever we got estrayed from vedic way of life or ‘Bhartiyata’, we have been doomed and forced to be ruled by Mohammedans first and by British later. Even now there is a need of the feeling of Bhartiyata in all our people to become a strong nation of the universe as we had been in our past period till about the advent of English. With emphasis on this theme, the book has come out as a mini history of India starting from the vedas to date.
India celebrated its fiftieth year of independence in 1997. This book has been written with a view to bring out India being the oldest civilized nation of the world. It would be demeaning the country to call it only a fifty-year-old independent country when we have been independent for lacs and crores of years, except for a small period of 140 years of British regime. The Muslim rule of about six hundred years has been taken as independent period because during this period, Muslim rulers were sovereign, independent Indian rulers rather than under any foreign power. And most of the kings were born and brought up in India and imbibed with “Bhartiyata.” It was the British who ruled India as a colony only, bracketing us with the newly found lands of America, Africa, and Australia; whereas, we had been the most advanced, most educated, and richest country of the world in the past, particularly during the Maurya, Gupta, and Mughal periods. Tracing the concept of independent India, this book has taken the shape of India’s full history, with specific reference to the theme of independence through ages, since vedas.
About the Author
Hailing from Haryana (India), the Author Mr. Devi Dayal Aggarwal was born in 1933. He did his schooling from Sonepat and had further education from Delhi. Having been recruited through I.A.S. & Allied Services Competition, he retired as Joint Secretary from the Ministry of Railways in 1994. After retirement, he started writing books as a pastime and has already written many books including:
1. Protocol in Sri Ramcharit Manas (in English and Hindi)-
2. Protocol in Srimad Bhagwat (in English and Hindi)-
3. Protocol in Mahabharata (in English and Hindi)-
4. Upanishadas, the Real Truth.
5. India Ever Independent, why only 50 years.
6. Jurisprudence in India through Ages.
7. State and District Administration in India.
8. Karma, Dharma and Maditation
9. Karma, Dharma and Maditation (by Babloa Press, U.S.A.)
10. Bharat Mein Shashan Pranali (in Hindi)
11. CBI and Policing in India since Vedic Period (in English and Hindi)-
The present book ‘India Ever Independent why since 1947 only’ is the latest addition in the series. Besides, he has also written poems in Hindi and has a collection of about 2000 poems.